Last edited by Kazik
Sunday, August 9, 2020 | History

1 edition of Ownership of human tissues and cells. found in the catalog.

Ownership of human tissues and cells.

Ownership of human tissues and cells.

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  • 33 Currently reading

Published by Congress of the U.S., Office of Technology Assessment, For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Donation of organs, tissues, etc.,
  • Tissue banks.,
  • Biotechnology industries -- Law and legislation -- United States.,
  • Biotechnology industries -- Economic aspects -- United States.,
  • Biotechnology -- Moral and ethical aspects.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesOTA special report.
    SeriesNew developments in biotechnology -- v. 1.
    ContributionsUnited States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii, 168 p. :
    Number of Pages168
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14337947M
    LC Control Number87619804

    itself. E. Richard Gold argues in his insightful book, Body Parts: Property Rights and the Ownership of Human Biological Materials, that this difference is a fundamental one that cannot be accommodated within the current forms of property law. The rights of cell and tissue donors.   Tissues. After the cell, the tissue is the next level of organization in the human body. A tissue is a group of connected cells that have a similar function. There are four basic types of human tissues: epithelial, muscle, nervous, and connective tissues. These four tissue types, which are shown in Figure below, make up all the organs of the.

    Cell culture. Human tissues have a natural inherent healing capacity, when injured. A tissue when injured triggers complex biochemical mechanisms within the body systems, which initiates the process of tissue repair instantly. The entire repair is aided by active participation of all concerned tissues, cells, and immune bodies. Blood is a liquid tissue. Your cells and tissues are organized into larger body parts, called organs. An organ is a body part that does a specific job. Your heart’s job, for example, is to pump blood. The human body is built from trillion cells and produces about 5 million cells .

    Tissues. When cells of a certain type are grouped together, the resulting structure is called tissue. There is muscle tissue, which is made of strands of muscle cells. Adipose tissue is one layer of skin made of fat cells. Connective tissue is a term used for various types of . designating human tissue and its byproducts as “property”. Nevertheless, as this review of the law proposes, there is potential for unsettled legal issues involving ownership of one’s body tissues used in medical research to be raised. Keywords: Henriette Lacks, Common Rule, Informed Consent, Human Subjects, Research, Human Tissues.


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Ownership of human tissues and cells Download PDF EPUB FB2

Ownership of human tissues and cells. [United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.;] Book: All Authors / Contributors: United States.

Congress. Office of Technology Assessment. ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: "March "--Page 4 of cover. Ownership of Human Tissues and Cells: New Developments in Biotechnology Paperback – June 1, by Office of Technology Assessment United S (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.

Price New from Author: Office of Technology Assessment United S. In this special report, the Office of Technology Assessment of the United States Congress analyzes the economic, legal and ethical rights of the human sources of tissues and cells and also those of the physicians or researchers who obtain and develop these biological materials.

The study describes the potential of these rapidly moving technologies (tissue and cell culture, cell fusion to. Ownership of the body and its parts. The question of the ownership of the body is a very complex one, both in ethical and legal terms.

Although there is now nearly worldwide recognition that no person can own another person, as this would constitute slavery and violate Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,28 this fundamental right is not always guaranteed in practice; the Cited by: The guiding thesis for this essay is that the rights of ownership of human tissues extends to as far as the tissues are within the body1.

Human tissues and cells are currently scattered over a wide range of For instance, a user is allowed to listen and enjoy the downloaded music, watch the movies and read the books found online but it Author: Nokon.

The United States government recently proposed sweeping revisions to the Federal Policy for Protection of Human Subjects, or the Common Rule, which governs research on humans, tissues and genetic. A survey of more than 1, Albertans, for example, found that 26 per cent of respondents thought the individual retained ownership of human tissue donated for research purposes, 23.

his excised tissues and for the failure to disclose personal interests.4 Inadeterminationoffar-reachingimport,theCalifornia Supreme Court found that individuals do not retain rights of ownership in excised tissue used to develop new prod-ucts, holding that even if the excised cells initially be.

The popularity of a recent nonfiction book about a woman whose cancerous cells refused to die has gen-erated renewed interest in the subject of human tissue ownership.

In The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks,1 science writer Rebecca Skloot tells the compelling story of. book helps her family to understand more about Henrietta cells and helps the future Lacks family education. Throughout this book they were many themes that stand out, but what caught my attention the most were the lack of education, cells and tissue ownership, and the trust.

Education have been the biggest thing own than it was hundreds years ago. Cells and Tissues: An Introduction to Histology and Cell Biology begins by explaining why histology should be studied.

Some chapters follow on the techniques for studying cells and tissues, the anatomy of the cell, the epithelia, the connective tissues, and the blood. This book also covers topics on the immunity against foreign material. Genetic researchers and medical practitioners often need to obtain access to stored human tissue without consent from the people concerned.

But the laws that relate to the ownership. Groups of connected cells form tissues. The cells in a tissue may all be the same type or they may be of multiple types.

In either case, the cells in the tissue work together to carry out a specific function. There are four main types of human tissues: connective, epithelial, muscle, and nervous tissues. Audio Interview. Interview with R. Alta Charo on ownership and research use of human tissue.

() Download This article has no abstract; the first words appear below. Opposition to `ownership' of cells and tissues often depends on arguments about the special or sacred nature of human bodies and other living things.

Such arguments are not very helpful in dealing with the patenting of DNA fragments. From the evolutionary perspective, tissues appear in more complex organisms. For example, multicellular protists, ancient eukaryotes, do not have cells organized into tissues.

Although there are many types of cells in the human body, they are organized into four broad categories of tissues: epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous. Ownership of Human Tissue: A Proposal for Federal Recognition of Human Research Participants' Property Rights in Their Biological Material Donna M.

Gitter nerve cells. Individuals born with Canavan disease suffer from a lack of motor coordination, poor vision, and death, usually before their teen years.

Establishments that manufacture human cells, tissues, and cellular and tissue-based products (HCT/Ps) regulated solely under section of the Public Health Service (PHS) Act are required to.

This March, HeLa cells were again in the news after a team of researchers sequenced and published the cells’ genome without the permission of Lacks’ family. Cancer Today recently contacted Skloot to discuss her book, which is now being turned into an HBO film, and the issues it raises regarding the control and ownership of human tissues.

They can also be connected by gap junctions, which allow free exchange of soluble molecules between cells, and anchoring junctions, which attach cell to cell or cell to matrix. The different types of epithelial tissues are characterized by their cellular shapes and arrangements: squamous, cuboidal, or.

Another prominent example is the story of HeLa cells, documented by journalist Rebecca Skloot in her bestselling book, The Immortal Life of .An antigen can be a microbe such as a virus, or even a part of a microbe.

Tissues of cells from another person also carry nonself markers and act as antigens. This explains why tissue transplants can be rejected. In abnormal situations, the immune system can mistake self for nonself and launch an attack against the body's own cells or tissues.Ownership of Human Tissues and Cells—OTA Project Staff Roger C.

Herdman,OTA Assistant Director Health and Life Sciences Division Gretchen S. Kolsrud,Biological Applications Program Manager Gary B. Ellis,Project Director Gladys B.

White,Study Director and Analyst Lisa J. Raines,Study Director and Legal Analyst Robyn Y. Nishimi,Analyst Kevin W. O’Connor,Legal Analyst.